Evidence is accumulating that associates significant morbidity and mortality with the progression from paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) to persistent or long-term AF. How does the shift take place? What are the risk factors? What percentage of patients progress from intermittent episodes to permanent arrhythmia? Choose from multiple answers to 3 questions like these, below.
1. Atrial fibrillation begets atrial fibrillation.
Proietti R, Hadjis A, AlTurki A, et al. A Systematic review on the progression of paroxysmal to persistent atrial fibrillation: shedding new light on the effects of catheter ablation. JACCCEP. 2015;1(3):105-115. doi:10.1016/j.jacep.2015.04.010.