LYON, FRANCE -- Smoking and alcohol are independent risk factors for head and neck cancer, but a dose-dependent relationship was observed only for smoking, said researchers here.
SEATTLE -- The quadrivalent human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine (Gardasil) is nearly 100% effective in preventing disease from two major cancer-causing strains, two industry-sponsored studies reported.
BALTIMORE -- The human papilloma virus -- known to cause a range of anogenital cancers -- is also associated with a dramatically increased risk of some throat cancers, according to researchers here.
BOSTON -- Girls perinatally infected with HIV early in the AIDS epidemic have reached adolescence and a mixed picture is emerging on their reproductive health, researchers here reported.
LOS ANGELES -- Cervarix, an investigational cervical cancer vaccine, prevented all precancerous lesions because of human papillomavirus types 16 and 18 for 5.5 years, researchers reported here.
LOS ANGELES -- Like a Pap smear, detection of abnormal anal cytology is clinically useful in HIV-positive gay men to predict the presence of anal dysplasia, according to researchers here.
ATLANTA -- The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the CDC, as expected, has recommended wide use of the vaccine against four major strains of human papillomavirus that cause cervical cancer.
ATLANTA -- One in four women in the U.S. ages 14 to 59 are infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), according to the first nationally representative study. Some 3.4% of the women tested positive for the four major strains against which the new HPV vaccine protects, representing an estimated 3.1 million women.
A recent editorial in The New York Times heralded the conclusion, from 2 large sub-Saharan African studies, that male circumcision dramatically suppresses HIV acquisition rates as the "most important development in AIDS research since the debut of antiretroviral drugs."1 The editorial went on to state that while a "real [AIDS] vaccine is years away . . . we know its near equivalent [now] exists."1But Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease, was more circumspect. "These results could be negated by a small decrease in condom use or the addition of more sexual partners," he cautioned.2
ATLANTA -- A more comprehensive vaccination schedule for children and adolescents has been issued by the CDC for 2007.