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Infections In Medicine Journal

Infections In Medicine Journal

Clostridia are anaerobic, spore-forming, gram-positive bacilli that are ubiquitious in nature. They can be isolated from soil and the GI tract of animals and humans.1

Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS), first described by Asherson and colleagues1 in 1992, refers to a clinical scenario in which multiple vascular occlusive events involving small vessels that supply blood to organs occur over a short period.

Over the past 15 years in the United States, HIV/AIDS has become increasingly common among women. In 1990, women made up only 11% of the newly reported cases of AIDS.1 In 2006, 27% of newly reported AIDS cases were in women.2

After drinking a cup of coffee in the lounge of St Gimmick Hospital, Dr Schmeckman accompanied one of his students, Mollie Jeanette, who was beginning her rotation through the hospital’s infectious diseases service, to the microbiology laboratory.

Otological complications associated with varicella-zoster
virus infection are common; however, tympanic membrane
involvement is rarely reported. We describe a patient with
herpes zoster in whom hemorrhagic otitis media with tympanic
membrane perforation developed. To our knowledge,
this is the first report of an HIV-infected patient with this
unusual presentation. [Infect Med. 2008;25:561-562]

A34-year-old man with HIV/AIDS presented to the emergency department with fatigue, dyspnea on exertion, headache, subjective fevers, and chills of 1 month's duration. He also had blurry vision and a pruritic facial rash of 2 weeks' duration. He admitted to being noncompliant with antiretroviral therapy for the past 18 months and was not taking other medications at the time of presentation.

Highlights of upcoming recommendations of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections and community-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs) were presented at the joint 48th Annual Interscience Conference of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy/ IDSA 46th Meeting, which took place in Washington, DC, from October 25 to 28. The recommendations are scheduled to be finalized and officially disseminated in the spring of 2009. Some salient points are summarized here.

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