1. The recommendation that calcium consumption promotes optimal bone health and prevents osteoporosis is _____.
A. A dietary myth
B. Something health care providers should include as part of routine clinical care
C. Firmly supported by the evidence base
D. B and C only
- Avenall A, Mak JC, O’Connell D. Vitamin D and vitamin D analogues for preventing fractures in postmenopausal women and older men. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;(4):CD000227.
- Moyer VA. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation to prevent fractures in adults: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158:691-696.
- Hession M, Rolland C, Kulkarni U, et al. Systematic review of randomized controlled trials of low-carbohydrate vs. low-fat/low-calorie diets in the management of obesity and its comorbidities. Obes Rev. 2009;10:36-50.
- Hooper L, Summerbell CD, Thompson R, et al. Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(5):CD002137.
- O’Sullivan TA, Hafekost K, Mitrou F, et al. Food sources of saturated fat and the association with mortality: a meta-analysis. Am J Public Health. 2013;103:e31-e42.
- De Oliveira MC, Mozaffarian D, Kromhout D, et al. Dietary intake of saturated fat by food source and incident cardiovascular disease: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;96:397-404.
- Lesser LI, Mazza MC, Lucan SC. Nutrition myths and healthy dietary advice in clinical practice. Am Fam Physician. 2015;91:634-638.
- McDermott AJ, Stephens MB. Cost of eating: whole foods versus convenience foods in a low-income mode. Fam Med. 2010;42:280-284.