From the relative cardiovascular benefits of dairy products to the impact of fish oil taken during gestation on childhood growth, nutrition study results are making healthcare headlines.
Take this brief 8-question quiz to test your knowledge of the latest scientific developments.
Question 1. Which dairy products are most responsible for reductions in risk of cardiovascular disease?
Answer: C. Milk and yogurt. In a large multinational cohort study, PURE, higher consumption of milk and yogurt were associated with reductions in cardiovascular disease.
Question 2. Colorectal cancer incidence is lowest in persons who maintain which form of vegetarian diet?
Answer: C. Pescovegetarian. In a large, prospective cohort trial, the overall incidence of colorectal cancers was lower in participants who maintained vegetarian diets, but the risk was much lower in participants who followed a pescovegetarian diet.
Question 3. True or false? The FDA’s updated Nutrition Facts labels for pure maple syrup and honey contain the quantity of but not the new daily value for added sugars.
Answer: B. False. The old FDA Nutrition Facts labels only listed total grams of sugar and didn't distinguish between naturally occurring and added sugars. The FDA announced it will provide new information on the labels of pure maple syrup and honey that provides both the quantity of and the new daily value for added sugars.
Question 4. In a recent study of carbohydrates and mortality, minimal risk was seen at what percentage of intake?
Answer: C. 50% to 55%. In a recent study that assessed the link between carbohydrate intake and mortality, minimal risk was seen at 50% to 55% carbohydrate intake. However, the long-term effect of carbohydrate restriction on mortality remains controversial.
Question 5. What is the recommended number of standard alcoholic drinks consumed per week to minimize harm across health outcomes?
Answer: A. 0. Although moderate alcohol consumption may have protective effects on some conditions, a new study determined that zero drinks consumed per week minimized harm across health outcomes.
Question 6. Which statement about adherence to the Mediterranean diet and sleep in older adults is true?
Answer: A. Adherence is positively associated with sleep quality. A new study found that adherence to the Mediterranean diet was positively associated with sleep quality, not duration, in persons aged ≤75 years.
Question 7. How many patients with psoriasis reported using complementary and alternative medicine in their treatment regimen?
Answer: B. One-half. About half of patients with psoriasis report using complementary and alternative medicine in their treatment regimen, according to a new systemic review.
Question 8. Fish oil supplementation in pregnancy had which of the above effects?
Answer: E. A and C. According to a new double-blind, randomized controlled trial, fish oil supplementation in pregnancy led to a higher body mass index in offspring ages 0 to 6 years and had a general growth stimulating effect.
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