The real impact of nutritious menu changes at fast food chains like McDonalds remains to be seen, but these—along with modifying the dosage schedules of patients who appear to be statin-intolerant—may prove to have long-term salubrious effects.
Vitamin D supplementation in the VitDISH study did not improve isolated systolic hypertension in elderly patients who were deficient.
Smoking can increase cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL while decreasing HDL.
Colesevelam helps reduce serum glucose levels and also lowers LDL-C in patients with type 2 diabetes. Bromocriptine reduces the relative risk of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Every-other-day dosing, especially of statins with longer half-lives is shown to preserve lipid-lowering benefits.
Lp(a) is an LDL-like particle that exists in plasma in the VLDL range; its density lies between that of LDL and HDL. Lp(a) increases CV risk.
Female CV mortality lags behind male mortality; lifetime risk assessment, not 10-year risk, is a better estimation tool for women
High-potency statin therapy may increase risk of new onset diabetes but also reduces cardiovascular events.
Patients who consumed a Mediterranean-style diet had a 30% reduction in major cardiovascular events compared with patients who ate a diet low in saturated fat.
Elevated levels of the biomarker C-reactive protein in patients with HIV infection increased the risk of MI approximately 2-fold.