A 17-year-old sexually active young woman presented with sudden loss of vision in the left eye 2 weeks before presentation.
A review of 140 trials and 26 observational studies supports metformin as the best first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes in adults, both stand-alone and in combination with other medications. But second-line treatments are still a judgment call.
On December 18, 2005, Ariel Sharon, Prime Minister of Israel, experienced the sudden onset of aphasia. Despite being overweight, he had none of the traditional risk factors for cerebrovascular disease—hypertension, history of smoking, diabetes, or elevated cholesterol levels.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a burgeoning epidemic. Patients with various stages of CKD initially seek care from their primary care physician; some of these patients sustain acute, reversible renal injuries as well.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an epidemic with serious
and fatal complications. Some predictions
estimate that 440 million persons will have this
disease by 2030.
Diabetes is a demanding and difficult chronic disease. Life changes dramatically for a patient and his or her family once the diagnosis is made. Nutritional food choices, increased physical activity, multiple medications, visits to a physician, and blood tests are no longer optional. They now are a means of changing the length and quality of life. The patient has to rapidly become knowledgeable about nutritional content of any food he eats, different ways to be active, blood glucose testing, medication doses and side effects, and new words and abbreviations, such as A1c, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an epidemic with serious and fatal complications. Some predictions estimate that 440 million persons will have this disease by 2030. Current recommendations state that patients with type 2 diabetes who are receiving monotherapy and who have elevated hemoglobin A1c levels between 7.6% and 9.0% should receive a second agent.
How effective is antimalarial therapy in patients with lupus?
Clinicians sometimes give patients a choice of medication or lifestyle changes to control blood pressure (BP) or cholesterol levels.
A 68-year-old African American man presents for a checkup. He has had type 2 diabetes mellitus for the past 5 years but has no nephropathy and no history of cardiovascular disease. He is currently taking atorvastatin, 80 mg/d, and his low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level is 80 mg/dL. His blood pressure was 148/98 mm Hg at the last visit and is now 150/98 mm Hg. What is the best treatment for him?