A novel H1N1 influenza virus has emerged from swine and is causing a worldwide pandemic. Children and young adults have been most affected, in terms of both numbers of cases and severity of disease. Perhaps the most striking feature of the pandemic so far is that fewer than half of those hospitalized or killed by this virus have had identifiable prior medical conditions or risk factors.
Infections In Medicine Journal
THAT BLUE LIGHT KILLS methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was demonstrated in the article “Visible 405 nm SLD Light Photo-Destroys Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) In Vitro,” in the December 2008 issue of Lasers in Surgery and Medicine. Concerns about the clinical safety of the wavelength used (405 nm, spectral width 390 to 420 nm), which contains traces of ultraviolet light, led Chukuka Enwemeka, PhD, and colleagues from the School of Health Professions, Behavioral and Life Sciences at New York Institute of Technology in Old Westbury, to recapitulate the experiment using a wavelength of 470 nm with similar results.
THE VALUE OF THE PEDIATRIC heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in preventing pneumococcal meningitis has been confirmed by a study, the results of which were recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Case studies of athletes with isolated axillary neuropathy provide an overview of this injury's anatomy and function, which are key to definitive diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Scrub typhus, which is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, has various systemic manifestations, including GI symptoms. We describe one patient with scrub typhus who presented with symptoms that suggested acute appendicitis and another who presented with symptoms of acute cholecystitis.
The human papilloma viruses (HPVs) are among the widespread sexually transmitted pathogens infecting women. Like HIV, HPV–s
Clostridium difficile infections account for most cases of antibiotic-associated colitis.1 However, there is increasing evidence that Klebsiella oxytoca infection contributes to the development of C difficile–negative antibiotic-associated hemorrhagic colitis. Most cases have been reported in France,2-12
A TOPICAL TREATMENT THAT KILLS herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and that has long staying power may be available in the future. The experimental microbicidal solution, consisting of cholesterol-conjugated small interfering RNA (chol-siRNA), was tested in female mice that were given a lethal dose of the virus. The solution, delivered intravaginally, had a remarkably protective effect.
Disseminated echinococcal disease can present complex management issues that require a multidisciplinary approach to care. We describe a patient with hydatid disease who had multiple cysts in the liver, lungs, and pulmonary artery that were caused by Echinococcus granulosus infection.
Should ART be deferred in patients at risk for nonadherence?
Since nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) may hasten the development of resistance, it may seem reasonable to defer ART in HIV-infected patients who have risk factors for nonadherence, such as substance abuse.