AHA/ACC & ESC/EAS Lipid Guidelines: Compare & Contrast Quiz

January 10, 2020

Dyslipidemia guidelines from the US and Europe take slightly different routes to similar ends. Test your knowledge of the twists and turns.

The 2018 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Multisociety Guideline on the Management of Blood Cholesterol (AHA/ACC) and the 2019 European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society Guidelines for the Management of Dyslipidaemias: Lipid Modificatnion to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk (ESC/EAS) share the common goal of reducing morbidity and mortality caused by cardiovascular disease. They differ, however, in definitions of risk, particularly in what constitutes a "high-risk" patient, and also in their goals for treatment.Follwing are 4 situations, including 3 hypothetical patients, that ask you to apply your knowledge of the differences between the European and US recommendations, followed by detailed rationale for the answers.