Find out how effective each of 8 ACC/AHA-recommended non-drug interventions is at reducing BP (in mm Hg) in adults with hypertension and normal BP.
Nonpharmacologic intervention is recommended for most US adults who have hypertension as defined by the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension detection and treatment guidelines, ie, 130-139/80-90 mm Hg.
According to the ACC/AHA guideline, the interventions in the slide show below may be sufficient to prevent hypertension as well as to help individuals with stage 1 hypertension meet blood pressure goals; they are integral to management of stage 2 hypertension in tandem with medication and recommended as the foundation of individual and population approaches to reducing risk of BP-related cardiovascular disease.
Reduced intake of dietary NaCl. Approximate impact on SBP: Hypertension -5/6 mm Hg Normotension -2/3 mm Hg
Enhanced intake of dietary K+ Approximate impact on SBP: Hypertension -4/5 mm Hg Normotension -2 mm Hg
Physical activity - aerobic. Approximate impact on SBP: Hypertension -5/8 mm Hg Normotension -2/4 mm Hg
Physical activity - dynamic resistance. Approximate impact on SBP: Hypertension -4 mm Hg Normotension -2 mm Hg
Physical activity - isometric resistance. Approximate impact on SBP: Hypertension -5 mm Hg Normotension -4 mm Hg
Additional treatments tried, not tested. The interventions above have been reported effective in reducing BP but clinical trial experience is lacking.