Primary Cardiovascular Prevention: 2019 ACC/AHA Guideline Update

April 17, 2019
Robert Derenbecker, MD

Seth Martin, MD, MHS

Dr. Martin is an assistant professor at the Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Eighty percent of all cardiovascular events are preventable. The ACC/AHA 2019 guidelines are a single source of best practices to help achieve that goal. Review them here, at-a-glance.

In a commentary on the 2019 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, guideline co-chair Roger Blumenthal, MD and colleagues emphasize 3 “overarching central recommendations” that apply to all ASCVD prevention efforts: Adopting a team-based approach; engaging patients in shared decision making; and, addressing social determinants of health to inform optimal treatment. The guideline framework is simple but adherence to the recommendations can have far-reaching effects on US morbidity and mortality. Each of the slides below offers a snapshot of one key prevention principle.