Vestibular migraine may be a relatively new diagnostic entity, but a new study shows it impacts around 6 million US adults.
Vestibular Migraine: What's the Impact? Vestibular migraine (VM) is a relatively new diagnostic entity with the BÃ¡rÃ¡ny Society and International Headache Society defining it in 2012, however, a new study found that up to 6 million US adults may suffer from VM. What else did the authors find and how can VM impact your patients? Scroll through the slideshow above to find out.
What is Vestibular Migraine? Studies of patients at neurology/otolaryngology clinics suggest VM is the second most common cause of dizziness after benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Study sought to find out how prevalent VM is in the general population.
First US Population-based VM Study. Authors analyzed 21 781 respondents' data from the 2008 population-based National Health Interview Survey. Consensus diagnostic criteria was used from BÃ¡rÃ¡ny Society and International Headache Society and results were adjusted for sex, race, smoking, and medical comorbidities.
Higher than Expected VM Prevalence in US. Of the 2490 respondents with dizziness, 584 (23.4%) met the case definition of VM in past year, which represents a VM prevalence of 2.7% in US adults. Age, female sex, anxiety, depression, and past head trauma increased the odds of respondents experiencing VM.
VM Underrecognized Despite Large QoL Impact. Just 10% of respondents who met criteria for VM said migraines caused dizziness and 23% visited the ER/hospital for symptoms; 34% of respondents reported their condition prevented them from performing normal activities and 60% reported it prevented them from going to work or school.
Clinical Implications. Prevalence of VM in the US is much higher than expected, which suggests VM is one of the most common causes of dizziness and it is likely underdiagnosed and underappreciated.
Take Home Points:
1. Lempert T, Olesen J, Furman J, et al. Vestibular migraine: Diagnostic criteria. J Vestib Res. 2012;22:167–172.
2. Formeister EJ, Rizk HG, Kohn MA, Sharon JD. The epidemiology of vestibular migraine: A population-based survey study. Otol Neurotol. 2018;39:1037-1044.