Gary Ruoff, MD


Trigger Point Injections:What to Expect

January 01, 2007

What Are Trigger Points?Tender areas, swellings, or knots under the skin are referred to as“trigger points.” Injection of these trigger points with medication mayalleviate discomfort. At times you may feel pain in an area distant fromthe trigger point. Your doctor will feel the various muscle groups tolocate the trigger points and the most tender areas.

Rheumatoid Arthritis:Emerging Treatments

March 02, 2006

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) affects 1% ofadults during their most productiveyears and can result in significant disability.The goals of therapy are to reducepain, limit joint destruction, andpreserve function.

Trigger Point Injections:

February 01, 2003

ABSTRACT: Systematic palpation can detect a trigger point; often, muscle spasms or a nodule will be present. Injection of the trigger point with a local anesthetic usually reduces pain promptly; the procedure can also effect long-term pain relief and increased range of motion. However, pain may recur and even worsen 1 to 3 days after an injection-either because additional injections are needed or because the trigger point was not completely injected. To maintain pain relief and improve strength and range of motion in the affected muscle following injection, recommend stretching exercises, physical or massage therapy, or rest. Trigger point injections can be associated with adverse effects (eg, temporary numbness, injection site irritation, and dizziness); complications include vasovagal syncope, skin infection, and compartment syndrome.