A patient with hemoptysis, anemia, and renal failureMarch 1st 2008
Microscopic polyangiitis is a potentially fatal disease if it is notrecognized and treated early. In the case described here, what initiallypresented as a postinfectious residual cough was actuallyactive pulmonary hemorrhage, severe anemia, and a crescenticglomerulonephritis. Significant improvement was achieved withhemodialysis and aggressive treatment with corticosteroids andcyclophosphamide. This case exemplifies a classic presentationof microscopic polyangiitis and demonstrates the importance ofan expeditious diagnostic evaluation and early treatment to preventrapid deterioration. Early recognition and highly aggressiveimmunosuppressive treatment achieved significant suppressionof the disease.
Case In Point: Silicone-induced pneumonitis in a transgendered patientNovember 1st 2005
The authors describe the development of pneumonitis in a patient who had initially presented with edema of the lower extremities. Biopsy results supported the conclusion that the pneumonitis was caused by silicone injections the patient had received 5 years earlier.