Author | Robert A. Phillips, MD


Renal Artery Stenosis Complicating Essential Hypertension

September 14, 2005

A 73-year-old man who had a history of long-standing essential hypertension, congestive heart failure, mild renal insufficiency, atrial fibrillation, and a mitral valve replacement presented with refractory hypertension. His medications included labetalol, irbesartan, and furosemide.