HYATSVILLE, Md. -- The CDC reported today that the birth rate among U.S. teens fell to an all-time low in 2005.
HYATSVILLE, Md., Nov. 21 -- The CDC reported today that the birth rate among U.S. teens fell to an all-time low in 2005.
A survey of more than 99% of birth certificates filed in the U.S. showed that the birth rate for adolescents from the ages of 15 to 19 in 2005 was 40.4 per 1,000, a decrease of 2% over 2004.
The new rate was a drop of 35% compared with 1991, when 61.8 of every 1,000 teens were having children.
There were a total of 421,123 births to girls under age 20 in 2005.
"The decline in teenage childbearing has been documented across all race and ethnic populations, but most impressive has been the decline in these rates for non-Hispanic black teenagers," said Brady Hamilton, Ph.D., a researcher at the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics and lead author of the report.
Among non-Hispanic black teens, the birth rate declined by 6% from 2004 to 2005, and by 59% from 1991 to 2005, the CDC investigators found.
The overall decline in teen births was accounted for largely by a drop in births among 15- to 17-year-olds, for whom the birth rate fell by 3%, to 21.4 per 1,000.
Birth rates among girls in this age group have declined by 45% since 1991, the authors reported.
In contrast, birth rates among older teens (18- to 19-year-olds) and among young girls (10- to 14-years old) remained largely unchanged from 2004 to 2005. Among older teens, the 2005 birth rate of 69.9 per 1,000 represents a 26% decrease since 1991.
There was a slight (<1%) increase in births to women in their early 20s, but the rate for women ages 25 to 29 years, the highest rate among all age groups, was essentially unchanged in 2005, at 115 per 6/1,000.
Other key findings in the report, titled Births: Preliminary Data for 2005, included: