This short slideshow highlights four new studies on eating habits that demonstrate how diet may affect patients’ health.
More research is needed to better understand health effects of dairy fat and the dietary and metabolic determinants of these fatty acids.
Inhibition of the T1R2/T1R3 receptor may be a promising therapeutic target for patients with type 2 DM.
Primary care physicians who treat patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are always looking for ways to help patients improve dietary habits. The 4 new studies summarized above show the potential impact of food choices on health:1. DM is less likely to develop in Americans who eat full-fat dairy products.2. Sweet taste receptors in the tongue and other organs may be a target for the treatment of type 2 DM.3. A very low-calorie diet may reverse DM.4. Adopting a healthy diet reduces the risk of hypertension among women with prior gestational DM.
1. Yakoob MY, Shi P, Willett WC, et al. Circulating biomarkers of dairy fat and risk of incident diabetes mellitus among US men and women in two large prospective cohorts. Circulation. 2016 Mar 22. pii: CIRCULATIONAHA.115.018410. [Epub ahead of print]
2. Neiers F, Canivenc-Lavier MC, Briand L. What does diabetes “taste” like? Curr Diab Rep. 2016;16:49.
3. Steven S, Hollingsworth KG, Al-Mrabeh A, et al. Very low-calorie diet and 6 months of weight stability in type 2 diabetes: pathophysiological changes in responders and nonresponders. Diabetes Care. 2016;39:808-815.
4. Li S, Zhu Y, Chavarro JE, et al. Healthful dietary patterns and the risk of hypertension among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus.Hypertension. 2016 Apr 18. pii: HYPERTENSIONAHA.115.06747. [Epub ahead of print]