The CDC recommends ASAP use of antivirals in certain high-risk patient groups. Test your memory of who is in those groups with 2 short questions.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says in its guidelines on treatment of seasonal influenza that just about anyone with the flu “can be considered” for antiviral therapy if certain criteria are met and recommends therapy in certain groups considered at high risk for complications of the infection.
This quick 2-question quiz tests what you know about CDC's guidance on "routine" use of antiviral medication.
1. The CDC recommends that antivirals should routinely be used in which of the following groups considered to be at high risk for complications of infection. (More than one option may be correct.)
Answer: B, C, and D
B. Children younger than age 2 years
C. Anyone with Trisomy 21 without other risk factors like heart disease, obesity, etc.
D. A 64-year-old person in a nursing home
2. You admit an otherwise healthy 40-year-old women to the hospital to treat mild hypoxemia related to a case of pneumonia. She tested positive for influenza A 3 days before admission but declined antiviral therapy at that time. You elect to follow CDC recommendations which state which of the above?
Answer: D. The CDC recommends the use of oseltamivir in all hospitalized patients regardless of symptom duration based on studies showing benefit over placebo.