Jun-ho Choe, MD



Acute Suppurative Thyroiditis in a Patient With Aplastic Anemia

July 01, 2008

Acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) is a rare inflammatorycomplication in patients with hematological malignancy.Infection spreads to the thyroid from a distant site throughthe bloodstream or the lymphatics. Defects such as persistentthyroglossal duct and pyriform sinus fistula are associatedwith the development of AST. Ultrasonography, bariumswallow testing, CT, and fine-needle aspiration are usedfor diagnosis. Treatment includes the administration ofparenteral antibiotics, drainage, and excision. We describea patient with aplastic anemia and bacteremic AST.[Infect Med. 2008;25:339-342]