November 18th 2009
Neurosarcoidosis has not been reported in patients with HIV infection. We present the case of a patient with AIDS in whom spinal cord sarcoidosis developed years after highly active antiretroviral therapy was initiated and her immune system was reconstituted. Treatment with prednisone resulted in resolution of MRI lesions and symptoms. Since patients with HIV-1 infection who are receiving antiretroviral therapy can survive for many years, physicians should be aware of chronic immune restoration disease involving the CNS.