Samer Alkhuja, MD




Pneumococcal Pneumonia Presenting as New-Onset Seizure

September 14, 2005

A febrile 65-year-old woman who had suffered a new-onset seizure was brought to the emergency department. The patient-a cigarette smoker-was not coughing and had neither chest pain nor a significant medical history. Her temperature was 39.4°C (103°F). She had nuchal rigidity and Kernig's and Brudzinski's signs of meningeal irritation. Lung auscultation revealed signs of right middle lung consolidation. Her white blood cell count was 1,200/µL. A chest film, seen here, showed a masslike density in the right midlung.

Right Upper Lobe Consolidation Simulating Pulmonary Neoplasm

September 14, 2005

A 35-year-old man, a smoker, had right pleuritic pain, productive cough, and fever for 3 days. His pulse rate was 107 beats per minute; respiratory rate, 14 breaths per minute; blood pressure, 136/80 mm Hg; and temperature, 37.7°C (99.9°F). There were signs of right upper lobe consolidation. Laboratory studies showed hyponatremia. Chest films showed a homogeneous density in the right upper lobe.

Large Cell Carcinoma Tumor Appears on Anteroposterior Bucky Film

September 14, 2005

Except for a fever of 1 month's duration, a 28-year man had no other complaints. He said he used to smoke marijuana but never used intravenous drugs. His temperature was 39.4°C (103°F), but no other abnormalities were noted on physical examination.

Asymptomatic 'Cannonballs' in the Lungs

September 14, 2005

A 49-year-old woman, severely obese but otherwise healthy, appeared for a preemployment medical examination. She neither smoked cigarettes nor drank alcohol. She had no respiratory problems and recalled no family history of such. A baseline mammogram taken 4 years earlier showed no abnormalities, and the patient was not under care for any medical condition. Results of physical examination were normal, except for the obesity-which made it difficult to determine breast masses with confidence.

Tuberculous Osteomyelitis

September 14, 2005

A 52-year-old man from Bangladesh had suffered from pleuritic pain for 1 week. He had never had tuberculosis and-except for being a cigarette smoker-had no notable medical history. The only remarkable findings were a temperature of 37.5°C (99.5°F) and anterior tenderness over the right lower rib cage. Laboratory test results were normal. A tuberculin test with 5 TU of purified protein derivative produced positive results, with a 15 × 17-mm induration.

Unusual Manifestations of Sarcoidosis

September 14, 2005

Presenting symptoms of this 42-year-old man were left pleuritic pain and severe dyspnea while climbing stairs. He had a 2-year history of exertional dyspnea but had not sought medical advice. The patient's pulse was 123 beats per minute; respiratory rate, 45 breaths per minute; blood pressure, 80/45 mm Hg; and temperature, 37.3°C (99.1°F). Chest examination revealed hyperresonance with absence of breath sounds over the left hemithorax and wheezing over the right lung.

Hilum Overlay Sign in Anterior Mediastinal Tumor

September 14, 2005

Fever of 1 month's duration was this 28-year-old man's only complaint. He had smoked marijuana in the past but denied intravenous drug use. His temperature was 39.4°C (103°F), but no other abnormalities were noted on physical examination.

Tension Pneumothorax

September 14, 2005

While watching TV, a 32-year-old man experienced acute right-sided pleuritic pain and was taken to the emergency department. He was seropositive for HIV but had never had Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and was not taking aerosolized pentamidine. Physical examination revealed hyperresonance with significantly decreased breath sounds over the right hemithorax.