Author | William E. Berger, MD, MBA

Articles

Getting allergic rhinitis under control: Part 2

May 01, 2005

Most of the symptoms of allergic rhinitis, including nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, sneezing, and nasal itching, respond to intranasal corticosteroids administered once or twice daily. However, many patients also need to take an antihistamine for adequate control of symptoms. While an antihistamine/decongestant combination can provide symptomatic relief, it fails to address the inflammatory component of allergic rhinitis. Thus, combining an intranasal corticosteroid or oral leukotriene modifier with an antihistamine might be a more effective strategy. Factors that can facilitate treatment adherence include minimizing the number of daily doses, allowing patients to select their own dosing schedules, and providing written instructions. Specific immunotherapy can be beneficial in select patients whose allergic rhinitis symptoms are not sufficiently controlled by pharmacotherapy. (J Respir Dis. 2005;26(5):188-194)

How to get your patient's allergic rhinitis under control

April 01, 2005

Abstract: For some patients with allergic rhinitis, symptoms can be reduced substantially by the use of allergen avoidance measures. However, many patients require pharmacotherapy, including antihistamines, decongestants, and intranasal corticosteroids, to adequately control their symptoms. The oral antihistamines are effective in reducing rhinorrhea, itching, and sneezing but are not effective against nasal congestion. Intranasal azelastine has been shown to be beneficial in patients with moderate to severe symptoms that are not sufficiently controlled by an oral antihistamine. Additional therapies include intranasal ipratropium, which specifically targets rhinorrhea, and cromolyn, which can reduce many of the symptoms of allergic rhinitis and can be used prophylactically. (J Respir Dis. 2005;26(4):150-162)