Young Woman With Atypical Presentation of Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome
A 22-year-old woman presented to her primary care physician’s office with right lower quadrant and suprapubic abdominal pain. She stated that the pain had begun earlier that day; she had no symptoms on awakening that morning.
Middle-Aged Woman With Numerous Skin Lesions
A 54-year-old woman presents for an initial consultation. She has multiple chronic disorders, including type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension, for which she takes various medications-none of which are new.
Photo Dx: Achilles Tendon Rupture? Tendonitis? Bursitis? Something Else?
Does an Achille’s tendon rupture, tendonitis, bursitis, or something else underlie sudden heel and lower leg pain?
Young Man With a Mildly Pruritic Generalized Rash
A 29-year-old Ukrainian man presents with a mildly pruritic generalized rash, which started 4 days earlier as a widespread eruption. The patient has no contacts who have a similar rash.
Teenager With Fever, Pharyngitis, and Generalized Rash
A previously healthy 16-year-old boy presents for evaluation of a slightly pruritic, nontender, generalized rash.
Middle-Aged Woman With Epistaxis, Facial Pain and Swelling, and Otalgia
For 2 weeks, a 49-year-old woman has had mild, intermittent epistaxis with left-sided facial pain, swelling, and otalgia; the severity of the bleeding has increased during the past 24 hours. She also has congestion of the left naris of 1 month's duration.
Middle-Aged Man with Polyuria and Penile Swelling and Pain
For 2 weeks, a previously healthy 40-year-old man has had excessive thirst and increased frequency of urination. He awakens at least 5 times every night to urinate. He reports no nausea, vomiting, change in bowel habits, chest pain, or dyspnea.
Breast Abscess in an Infant
A 15-day-old boy is brought for evaluation after his mother noted a "lump" in his left breast that morning. There is no history of illness or trauma. The infant's appetite and activities are normal, and he has no constitutional symptoms. He was delivered vaginally at full term and did not require a prolonged nursery stay or antibiotic therapy. Results of standard maternal screens were negative.
Baker Cyst in a Runner
For several days, a 38-year-old man has had an increasingly painful swelling behind the right knee. He runs several times a week. He has hypertension but no history of trauma or periods of inactivity, and no chest discomfort or shortness of breath. He drinks alcohol occasionally but does not use tobacco or illegal drugs.
Digital Clubbing in a Patient with Bronchogenic Carcinoma
A 45-year-old man presents with a 1- to2-week history of low-grade fever and nonproductivecough. He has a long history of cigarette and alcoholabuse. The office nurse expresses her concern about thepatients cyanotic nail beds and requests your immediateevaluation.
For the past 3 days, a 45-year-old man has had discomfort andloss of hearing in one ear. There is no fever or history of trauma. The manwas recently treated for an ear infection at a local clinic. Physical examinationreveals erythema of the postauricular area and purulent exudate from the earcanal.
Acute Dx: What Cause of Sudden Illness?
A 45-year-old womanpresents with redness in the righteye, which she noticed that morning.She has not sustained trauma to theeye and reports no discomfort or lossof visual acuity. Recently, the patienthad a bout of bronchitis with a numberof severe coughing episodes. Herhistory is significant for asthma andcigarette smoking.
A 13-year-old girl reportsthat her right eye has beendraining and uncomfortable for thepast several days. She is also concernedabout several "bumps" on theupper lid of her left eye. She has hadthese bumps in the past, but theyhave always resolved spontaneously.
Genital Lesions in a Young Woman
Traction Alopecia in a Young Girl
Four-Year-Old Girl With Vesicular Rash
A 4-year-old girl presents with a highly pruritic rash. The day before, she had been playing outdoors at her grandmother's house. No pets were present, and the patient does not recall being stung or bitten by insects. There are bushes on the grandmother's property.
Man With Ulcerative Lesion
A 40-year-old man complains of worsening lower extremity discomfort.
Woman With Transient Year-Round White, Numb, Cold Hands
A woman has white, numb, cold hands after vigorous exercise, emotional stress, and exposure to cold. Is this caused by Buerger disease (thromboangiitis obliterans), acute arterial occlusion, Raynaud disease, or acrocyanosis?
Boy With Asymmetric Smile
The mother of this 3-year-old boy noticed that his smile was asymmetric when he awoke that morning. He had been seen 3 days previously for left ear discomfort, sore throat, and a low-grade fever. Otitis media was diagnosed, and amoxicillin was prescribed.
Photo Finish: Acute Dx: What Cause of Sudden Illness?
A 56-year-old man presents with diffuse erythema. He has not changed his routine or eaten anything unusual. The rash initially appeared the previous night as asymptomatic erythema on the face and body. On awakening in the morning, the patient noticed that the erythema had spread over most of his body and had become pruritic. Over-the-counter diphenhydramine did not relieve the symptoms.
Cystic Hygroma in a Young Girl
A 21-month-old previously healthy child is brought to the pediatrician's office because of increasingly labored breathing that began the night before. The father reports that the child has had fever, congestion, nonproductive cough, and irritability for 2 days and that she is slightly hoarse.
Hyperpigmented Macules and Soft, Flesh-Colored Masses
Generalized weakness and malaise have bothered a 44-year-old woman for a few days. The patient has several large, flat facial lesions that have been present for years; she has never consulted a physician about them.
35-Year-Old Man With an Asymptomatic Rash
A 35-year-old man with type 1 diabetes has had an asymptomatic rash on the lower extremities for the past several months. He denies trauma and recent illness. He has tried multiple "home remedies," but the rash has persisted. He smokes and drinks alcoholic beverages occasionally.
Girl With Mildly Pruritic Maculopapular Rash
A 10-year-old girl has had a worsening rash for 1 week. The mildly pruritic, nontender eruption initially appeared on the child's thighs and then spread to the arms and face. The child's right hand, feet, and ankles have been swollen for the past 4 days, which has made ambulation intermittently painful.
The parents of a 16-year-old girl report that during the past several months, she has exhibited behavioral changes, irritability, increased anger, depression, and anxiety. The girl had previously been healthy, and there has been no recent illness or trauma.
Multiple Supraclavicular Nodes
A 45-year-old Asian man presents with a 3-week history of weight loss, poor appetite, fatigue, intermittent sweats, and a nonproductive cough. The patient, a recent immigrant, denies previous illness.
A 40-year-old womanwith HIV infection has had an occasionallypruritic facial rash for severalmonths. The rash is not associatedwith any systemic symptoms.
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