Hesham Taha, MD




Crossed Renal Ectopia With Fusion

September 14, 2005

Frequent urinary tract infections and unexplained hypertension (160/100 mm Hg) occurred in a 38-year-old man with no significant medical history. The heart and chest were normal; a right lower quadrant mass was detected in the abdomen. Red blood cells were found in the urine. An abdominal CT scan demonstrated that the left kidney was fused to the lower pole of the right kidney with the left pelvicaliceal system to the left of the midline; these findings are consistent with crossed fused renal ectopia. Cystographic and cystoscopic examinations were normal.

Multiple Myeloma

September 14, 2005

A 28-year-old woman reported that she was in good health before experiencing generalized weakness; exhaustion; and pain in her legs, shoulders, and back for the past 3 months. She also complained of shortness of breath with minimal activity, irregular menstrual periods, and occasional episodes of nose and gum bleeding.

Spinal Cord Compression

September 14, 2005

Back pain and weakness of both legs had bothered this 60-year-old woman for 1 week. Left breast cancer, stage 2, had been diagnosed 2 years before, and subsequently she underwent a lumpectomy followed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Sideroblastic Anemia

September 14, 2005

A 70-year-old woman with a history of ischemic heart disease was hospitalized because of generalized weakness, fatigue, and retrosternal chest pain on mild exertion. Her skin was pallid. Chest and heart evaluations were normal, and mild hepatosplenomegaly was discerned.

Sézary Syndrome

September 14, 2005

A 55-year-old woman with no significant medical history reported that diffuse erythematous, patchy, purpuric skin lesions over most of her body had been present for the past year. Applications of an over-the-counter corticosteroid cream helped control the pruritus but did not clear the skin lesions.

Eosinophilic Granuloma of the Vulva

September 14, 2005

A 46-year-old woman sought treatment of vaginal pruritus of 6 months' duration. She also was bothered by generalized skeletal aching that was most prominent in her legs. The patient had a history of hypertension.

Porphyria Cutanea Tarda in a Middle-Aged Man

September 14, 2005

A 50-year-old man with a history of diabetes, hypertension, seizure disorder, and alcohol abuse sought treatment for a rash and painful ulcerations of the hand, face, and scalp, which had bothered him for 1 month. The patient also complained of pruritus.

Cerebral Malaria

September 14, 2005

A 20-year-old woman, who had been confused and delirious for 2 days, was brought to the emergency department (ED). She had no significant past medical history and was taking no medication but had recently returned from a trip to Southeast Asia. In the ED, the patient had several convulsions and rapidly became comatose. She was unresponsive; her temperature was 37.9°C (100.3°F), and her blood pressure measured 80/50 mm Hg. The neurologic examination showed no signs of meningeal irritation. Cranial nerve examination was normal and showed mild, bilateral, symmetric increase in deep tendon reflexes. All other physical examination findings were normal.