Author | Salama Salama, MD

Articles

Greenfield Filter Migration

September 14, 2005

An 82-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with severe dilated cardiomyopathy. The condition was alcohol-induced and had been diagnosed about 12 years earlier. The patient was taking angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and diuretics.

Bullet in the Brain

September 14, 2005

While evaluating this 26-year-old man for suspected sinusitis, skull films revealed the fragments of a 32-caliber gunshot embedded in his brain. The anteroposterior and lateral radiographs show three metallic bullet fragments; the largest remnant is on the left side of the occipitoparietal region. The patient reported being shot at age 11 but denied any residual neurologic signs.

Cyclospora cayetanensis and AIDS

September 14, 2005

A 32-year-old Hispanic woman with AIDS presented with a 1-month history of diarrhea; abdominal bloating and cramps; loss of appetite; and pronounced fatigue, malaise, and weight loss. She had no fever or chills and was not vomiting. Her CD4+ cell count was 12/µL. Results of a routine microscopic examination of stool for ova and parasites were negative; an acid-fast stain of stool demonstrated oocytes of Cyclospora cayetanensis measuring 8.8 mm in diameter (pictured, magnification ×1,000). This is about twice the size of the Cryptosporidium parvum oocyte, which typically is 4 to 5 mm.