Gregory B. Seymann, MD

212 S ANN ARBOR ST

Saline

48176

Articles

Health care–associated pneumonia: Meeting the clinical challenges

April 22, 2008

ABSTRACT: The risk factors for health care–associated pneumonia(HCAP) include hospitalization for 2 or more days withinthe past 90 days, residence in a nursing home or extended-carefacility, home infusion therapy, and long-term dialysis withinthe past 30 days. Distinguishing between community-acquiredpneumonia (CAP) and HCAP is important because of the implicationsfor therapy. Compared with CAP, HCAP is morelikely to be caused by multidrug-resistant organisms and is associatedwith a higher mortality rate. The management ofHCAP requires antimicrobial coverage of Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Acinetobacter species, extended-spectrum ß-lactamase–producing Enterobacteriaceae, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcusaureus. Empirical narrowing of therapy is probablysafe in patients with culture-negative HCAP who have improvedwith broad-spectrum therapy. (J Respir Dis. 2008;29(5):208-213)