SPRINGFIELD, Mass., Jan. 26 -- Offering hospitals a relatively small financial incentive improved their quality of care for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia, researchers here reported.
Public reporting of hospital outcomes data also improved quality, but to a lesser extent than improvements seen in hospitals that participated in a Medicare pay-for-performance pilot project, said Peter K. Lindenauer, M.D., M.Sc., of Baystate Medical Center.
Dr. Lindenauer and colleagues compared quality improvement data from 207 hospitals that participated in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) pay-for-performance pilot project, with 406 hospitals that voluntarily participated in a national public-reporting initiative.
CMS and Premier Healthcare Informatics released their analysis of the pay-for-performance data at a press conference today, which prompted the editors of New England Journal of Medicine to immediately release Dr. Lindenauer study, and an accompanying editorial. They had been scheduled for publication on Feb. 1.