Mediterranean Diet Linked to Lower Pediatric Atopy

April 5, 2007

LONDON -- On the eastern Mediterranean island of Crete, where olive oil is the primary source of fat, children with allergic rhinitis are uncommon, found a British team.

LONDON, April 5 -- On the eastern Mediterranean island of Crete, where olive oil is the primary source of fat, children with allergic rhinitis are uncommon.

An environmental medicine team here believes there is a connection between the relative lack of allergic symptoms in these children in rural Crete and the prototypical Mediterranean diet they consume--plant foods such as fruits and vegetables, bread and cereals (primarily whole grain), legumes and nuts.

High adherence to the antioxidant-rich Mediterranean diet reduced risk of allergic rhinitis significantly (P

For specific food components of the Mediterranean diet, the findings were:

  • Wheezing ever was lower with daily consumption of grapes (OR 0.19, P=0.001), oranges (OR 0.30, P