Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder are both considered disruptive behavior disorders, but the 2 disorders are distinct, having different etiologies and responding to different types of treatment.
Although attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are both considered disruptive behavior disorders-and although about half of children with ADHD also meet the diagnostic criteria for ODD-the 2 disorders are distinct, having different etiologies and responding to different types of treatment. Take the quiz on treatments for ODD and learn more.
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Answer: b, parent management training
The 2 principal types of evidence-based treatments for children with ODD are individual therapy with a focus on problem-solving and social skills and parent management training. The latter is especially important; the provision of needed external regulation of behavior in the home has substantial benefits in the treatment of both ADHD and ODD.
For more on this topic, please see " ADHD & ODD: Confronting the Challenges of Disruptive Behavior," by Christopher K. Peters, MD, from which this quiz was adapted.