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Knee Pain: Evaluation and Treatment of the Most Common Etiologies


Knee pain is the presenting symptom for ~5% of primary care visits. Following are highlight of a JAMA review covering the 3 most common etiologies.

Knee pain is one of the most common types of chronic pain and by some estimates is the presenting symptom in approximately 5% of all primary care visits. Although there are many potential etiologies of knee pain, 3 are the cause in the majority of cases:

  • Osteoarthritis (OA)
  • Patellofemoral pain (PFP)
  • Meniscal tears (MT)

Each of these conditions has a different set of presenting symptoms and is more likely to be found in some populations than others. The following slide show highlights the basics of diagnosis and treatment based on a recent review in JAMA.

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